Glossary

Hundreds of terms, names, and expressions relating to the Old City

In its history, spread over 5,000 years, are interwoven names and events, among the most important in Western history in general and the history of the Middle East in particular: Phoenicians and Canaanites; Greeks and Romans; Persians and Arabs; Crusaders and Mamluks; Ottoman Turks and the British – here all of them have made their mark in history. Rulers and kings, kingdoms and empires, armies and navies, saw Akko and fought for its existence or besieged it.

Here are several of the hundreds of terms that appear in the site:

Haim Farhi, Al-Jazzar, Mamluks, Keystone, Dahr el-Omar, Aqueduct, Burj al-Commander, The Knigfts’ Hall, The Moslem Calendar

The Ramchal Synagogue

The synagogue is named for Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzatto, known by his acronym, RaMCHaL. The Ramchal was born in Padua, Italy, in 1707 and died in Acre in 1743. He…

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Burj al-Commander (The Commander’s Tower)

This fortified corner tower is in the northeast corner of the al-Jazzar wall. The tower is named for Major Thomas Oldfield of the British Royal Naval Marines, who fell defending…

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The Franciscan (Terra Sancta) Church

This is a Roman Catholic church, hence its name in Arabic: Deir al-Latin (the Latin Monastery). In 1217, at the height of the Crusader period in Acre, the city’s first…

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