The History of Old Akko

The history of Akko extends across 5,000 years. Its habitation, construction, and destruction, played a part in countless events that occurred in this land in all its historical periods. Rulers and kings fought against this city, and set forth from it on campaigns of conquest throughout the eastern Mediterranean, the Levant and the Lands of the Bible. Many are the travelers, among them Jews, Christian pilgrims, and Moslems, naturalists, painters, and cartographers, who have visited the port and the walls of Acre on any given day.

Writing the history of this city is a weighty task, and the list of sources is long. I began, therefore, writing in chronological order and from time to time add more content

The British Mandate

1917–1948 C.E. – The British Mandate of Palestine (in the Land of Israel) 1917 – During the period of the First World War the situation of the Jews of Acre…

Read More »

The Ottoman Period – part D

1859 – Guillaume Rey, the French archeologist and historian of Crusader ruins, visits Acre. Forty rebellious army officers from throughout the Ottoman Empire are incarcerated in the prison within the…

Read More »

The Ottoman Period – part C

1808–1810 – Three groups of Jewish religious immigrants arrive at the Acre port. These groups, totaling about 500 persons, include some who are mitnagdim-perushim (followers of the Vilna Gaon, opposing…

Read More »

The Ottoman Period – part B

1707 – The traveler Jean Olivier arrives in Acre and drafts a map. 1708 – For a short time, Bedouins and peasant farmers from the Galilee take over the small…

Read More »

The Ottoman Period – part A

1517–1917 C.E. – The Ottoman Period 1526 – The Turk Piri Reis publishes a map of the Acre coast in his “Book of the Nautical Subjects.” Acre is situated at…

Read More »

The Mamluk Period

1291-1516 C.E. – The Mamluk Period 1291 – As a consequence of the Mamluk conquest, Acre harbor is filled in and ships arriving there must anchor outside it 97. The…

Read More »

The Crusader Period – part C

1231 – Riccardo Filangieri, envoy of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, assembles the knights of the nobility and the bourgeois founders of the commune of Acre in order to demonstrate…

Read More »

The Crusader Period – part B

1191 – In the spring, the Third Crusade reaches Acre. King Philip II Augustus of France heads the armies that include remnants of the army of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick…

Read More »

The Crusader Period – Part A

1099–1291 C.E. – The Crusader Period in the Land of Israel lasts 190 years. July, 1099 – Godfrey from the French city of Bouillon is chosen secular leader (Defender of…

Read More »

The Roman, Byzantine and Early Arab Periods

37 B.C.E.–324 C.E. – Roman Period 37 B.C.E–70 C.E. – Roman Period I (Herodian dynasty 4 B.C.E. – The Roman Proconsul Publius Quinctilius Varus assembles his army in Acre in…

Read More »

The Persian and Greek (Hellenistic) Periods

587 – 332 B.C.E. – The Persian Period 527 B.C.E. – The first breakwater at the port of Acre was built at the time of King Cambyses of Persia. Cambyses…

Read More »

The Bronze and Iron Ages

2350 – 2200 B.C.E. – Early Bronze Age IV1 2250 B.C.E. (approx.) – possible appearance of the name for Acre in the archives of Ebla, a city in Syria 2.…

Read More »